Main Article Content


Landslide is a regular hazard in Bangladesh especially in Chattogram, the South-Eastern part of the Country. In 2007 and 2008 there happened two massive landslides in Chattogram. As a result, a huge number of people (130 and 11 respectively) died with heavy loss of properties affecting thousands of people in the region. Most of the landslides happened after torrential rain. Combined effect of rainfall and hill cutting induced slope instability adding Earthquake-triggered landslide in Chattogram. Some influential people are involved in hill cutting and developing hilly settlements in Chattogram. In some places, Government and non-Government authorities are developing settlements by razing hills there. A detailed area planning, landslide vulnerability zoning, landslide database development, geophysical analysis, and strictly implementation of Government’s existing rules are recommended to ensure avoiding further tragedy in Chattogram like 2007 and 2008.


Landslide Socio Economic Chattogram

Article Details

How to Cite
Ali, M. J. (2021). Causes of Landslide and its Socio-economic Effects: a study on Chattogram City and Surrounding Areas, Bangladesh. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 2(4), 275-286.


  1. Abedin, J., Rabby, Y. W., Hasan, I., & Akter, H. (2020). An investigation of the characteristics, causes, and consequences of June 13, 2017, landslides in Rangamati District Bangladesh. Geoenvironmental Disasters, 7(1), 23.
  2. Ahmed, B. (2021). The root causes of landslide vulnerability in Bangladesh. Landslides, 18(5), 1707–1720.
  3. Bounab, A., El Kharim, Y., El Hamdouni, R., & Hlila, R. (2021). A multidisciplinary approach to study slope instability in the Alboran Sea shoreline: Study of the Tamegaret deep-seated slow-moving landslide in Northern Morocco. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 184, 104345.
  4. Carabella, C., Cinosi, J., Piattelli, V., Burrato, P., & Miccadei, E. (2022). Earthquake-induced landslides susceptibility evaluation: A case study from the Abruzzo region (Central Italy). CATENA, 208, 105729.
  5. Chen, C., Li, H., Chen, J., Zhang, J., Zhang, L., & Tang, X. (2021). Overtopping and flood routing process of landslide dams consisted of ice-soil mixtures: A preliminary study. Journal of Hydrology, 127252.
  6. Das, S., & Raja, D. R. (2015). Susceptibility analysis of landslide in Chittagong City Corporation Area, Bangladesh. International Journal of Environment, 4(2), 157–181.
  7. Islam, A. (2017). Landslides in Chittagong Hill Tracts And Possible Measures. International Conference on Disaster Risk Mitigation (ICDRM), 2017, 12.
  8. Liu, X., Zhao, C., Zhang, Q., Yin, Y., Lu, Z., Samsonov, S., Yang, C., Wang, M., & Tomás, R. (2021). Three-dimensional and long-term landslide displacement estimation by fusing C- and L-band SAR observations: A case study in Gongjue County, Tibet, China. Remote Sensing of Environment, 267, 112745.
  9. Meghanadh, D., Kumar Maurya, V., Tiwari, A., & Dwivedi, R. (2021). A multi-criteria landslide susceptibility mapping using deep multi-layer perceptron network: A case study of Srinagar-Rudraprayag region (India). Advances in Space Research.
  10. Mia, M., Sultana, N., & Paul, A. (2016). Studies on the Causes, Impacts and Mitigation Strategies of Landslide in Chittagong city, Bangladesh. Journal of Environmental Science and Natural Resources, 8(2), 1–5.
  11. Panchal, S., & Shrivastava, A. K. (2021). Landslide hazard assessment using analytic hierarchy process (AHP): A case study of National Highway 5 in India. Ain Shams Engineering Journal.
  12. Pawluszek-Filipiak, K., Borkowski, A., & Motagh, M. (2021). Multi-temporal landslide activity investigation by spaceborne SAR interferometry: The case study of the Polish Carpathians. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 24, 100629.
  13. Sarwar, G. M. (2008). Landslide Tragedy of Bangladesh. The First World Landslide Forum, 11.
  14. Sultana, N. (2020). Analysis of landslide-induced fatalities and injuries in Bangladesh: 2000-2018. Cogent Social Sciences, 6(1), 1737402.
  15. Wistuba, M., Gorczyca, E., & Malik, I. (2021). Inferring precipitation thresholds of landslide activity from long-term dendrochronological and precipitation data: Case study on the unstable slope at Karpenciny, Poland. Engineering Geology, 294, 106398.