Main Article Content


This research is motivated by the rise of drug trafficking from the elite to the grassroots, so that many people are trapped and fall into drug addicts. They need recovery and support to rise to normal human beings. So, how is the design of coaching that can touch the physical and mental recovery and spiritual recovery of addicts in recovery. To answer this question, researchers conducted a comparative study at the National Narcotics Rehabilitation Center, Lido with the Suryalaya Islamic Boarding School, Tasikmalaya, West Java. This study uses a qualitative phenomenological approach, namely the Interactive Analysis and Comparative Analysis models. Extracting the data of this research seeks to reveal and see the development of addicts through the two sides of the Institute by way of interviews, observation and documentation, which are then analyzed, as well as reducing the data to be interpreted and described. The results of the research and writing of this dissertation are expected to give birth to a design model in handling drug addict client development that can touch physical, psychological, mental and spiritual recovery. A design model that integrates medical treatment of medicine and religious therapy which are integrated into a coaching system.


Integrated Model. Spirituality Drug Addicts

Article Details

How to Cite
Sentosa, A., Raihan, R., & Lutfi, A. (2023). Integrated Model of Drugs Addictive Client Spirituality Development. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 4(1), 55-64.


  1. Amin, M. Z. M., & Abidin, M. S. A. Z. (2020). Peran Ruqyah Syar’iyyah dalam Terapi Psikospiritual: Analisis terhadap Model Pengobatan Kecanduan Narkoba. ESOTERIK, 6(1), 74–89.
  2. Analisa, L., Kamarusdiana, K., & Adhha, N. (2022). Implementation of Rehabilitation for Narcotics Addicts in Positive Legal Perspective and Islamic Law. Al-Risalah: Forum Kajian Hukum Dan Sosial Kemasyarakatan, 22(1), 92–124.
  3. Askew, R., & Williams, L. (2021). Rethinking enhancement substance use: A critical discourse studies approach. International Journal of Drug Policy, 95, 102994.
  4. Asmawati, Ikhlasia, M., & Panduragan, S. L. (2020). The effect of Spiritual Emotional Freedom Technique (SEFT) therapy on the anxiety of NAPZA (narcotics, psychotropic, and other addictive substances) residents. Enfermería Clínica, 30, 206–208.
  5. Assaad, A. I., Said, N. I., Agil, F., & Alaydrus, M. (2021). Menangkal Bahaya Narkoba Bagi Remaja. AL-TAFANI Jurnal Pengabdian, 1(2), 42–49.
  6. Azisi, A. M. (2020). Peran Agama dalam Memelihara Kesehatan Jiwa dan Sebagai Kontrol Sosial Masyarakat. Al-Qalb: Jurnal Psikologi Islam, 11(2), 55–75.
  7. Bensaid, B., Machouche, S. B. T., & Tekke, M. (2021). An Islamic Spiritual Alternative to Addiction Treatment and Recovery. Al-Jami’ah: Journal of Islamic Studies, 59(1), 127–162.
  8. Cheung, Y., & Cheung, N. W. T. (2019). Adolescent Drug Abuse in Hong Kong: Prevalence, Psychosocial Correlates, and Prevention. Journal of Adolescent Health, 64(6), S28–S33.
  9. Foster, D. W., Young, C. M., Bryan, J. L., & Quist, M. C. (2016). Compounding risk: An examination of associations between spirituality/religiosity, drinking motives, and alcohol-related ambivalence among heavy drinking young adults. Addictive Behaviors, 63, 1–11.
  10. Frauger, E., Moracchini, C., Albertini, F., Thirion, X., & Micallef, J. (2014). French Specific Surveillance System for Drug Abuse. International Journal of Mental Health, 43(3), 49–62.
  11. Friend, K., Pettibone, K., Florin, P., Vela, J., & Nargiso, J. (2015). Environmental change strategies targeting drug abuse prevention. Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, 22(4), 311–315.
  12. Griffin, K. W., Lowe, S. R., Botvin, C., & Acevedo, B. P. (2019). Patterns of adolescent tobacco and alcohol use as predictors of illicit and prescription drug abuse in minority young adults. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 47(3), 228–242.
  13. Gunawan, K. W., Priyatama, A. N., & Setyanto, A. T. (2016). Pengaruh Pelatihan Pemaafan terhadap Peningkatan Self Esteem Pecandu Narkoba di Program Re-Entry Balai Besar Rehabilitasi Badan Narkotika Nasional (BNN) Lido, Bogor. Wacana, 8(1), 1–14. Pelatihan Pemaafan terhadap Peningkatan Self Esteem Pecandu Narkoba di Program Re-Entry Balai Besar Rehabilitasi Badan Narkotika Nasional BNN Lido Bogor
  14. Jääskeläinen, M., Holmila, M., Notkola, I.-L., & Raitasalo, K. (2016). A typology of families with parental alcohol or drug abuse. Addiction Research & Theory, 24(4), 288–299.
  15. Kendler, K. S., Gardner, C. O., & Prescott, C. A. (1997). Religion, psychopathology, and substance use and abuse; a multimeasure, genetic-epidemiologic study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 154(3), 322–329.
  16. Kim, D.-H., & So, W.-Y. (2017). The Relationships Between Recreational Drug Abuse and School Records Among Korean Adolescents. Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 26(1), 86–90.
  17. Li, J., Li, Y., Gong, Z., Zhang, J., Zhou, Z., Tan, X., & Li, L. (2021). Major and trace elements changes of female methamphetamine addicts during six months’ compulsory treatment: Biomarkers discovery. Forensic Science International, 325, 110892.
  18. Lu, F.-Y., Wen, S., Deng, G., & Tang, Y.-L. (2017). Self-concept mediate the relationship between childhood maltreatment and abstinence motivation as well as self-efficacy among drug addicts. Addictive Behaviors, 68, 52–58.
  19. Mathis, S. M., Hagemeier, N., Foster, K. N., Baker, K., & Pack, R. P. (2020). “It’s Took Over This Region”: Patient Perspectives of Prescription Drug Abuse in Appalachia. Substance Use & Misuse, 55(1), 37–47.
  20. Nilsson, A., Estrada, F., & Bäckman, O. (2014). Offending, drug abuse and life chances—a longitudinal study of a Stockholm birth cohort. Journal of Scandinavian Studies in Criminology and Crime Prevention, 15(2), 128–142.
  21. Owolabi, O. O., Adelabu, O. A., & Oyelana, A. A. (2016). Alcoholism and Drug Abuse in Higher Institutions of Learning. Journal of Sociology and Social Anthropology, 7(3), 132–143.
  22. Pardini, D. A., Plante, T. G., Sherman, A., & Stump, J. E. (2000). Religious faith and spirituality in substance abuse recovery. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 19(4), 347–354.
  23. Prasetya, M. N., & Deovanka, S. R. (2018). Regional Government Policy in Preventing Illegal Drug Trade Case Study: North Sumatera. Journal of Islamic World and Politics, 2(1).
  24. Ramadhan, I., Keliat, B. A., & Wardani, I. Y. (2019). Assertiveness training and family psychoeducational therapies on adolescents mental resilience in the prevention of drug use in boarding schools. Enfermería Clínica, 29, 326–330.
  25. Rifqi, M., & Bangun, E. (2020). Drug Crime as a Threat to Indonesia’s National Security. Jurnal Pertahanan: Media Informasi Ttg Kajian & Strategi Pertahanan Yang Mengedepankan Identity, Nasionalism & Integrity, 6(3), 386.
  26. Rohman, F. (2017). Pendidikan Spiritual Berbasis Tarekat bagi Pecandu Narkoba (Studi Kasus di Pondok Pesantren As-Stressiyah Darul Ubudiyah Sejati Sejomulyo Juwana Pati). Jurnal Pendidikan Agama Islam (Journal of Islamic Education Studies), 5(2), 161.
  27. Saputra, E. (2021). Kontribusi Tokoh Punakawan pada Pagelaran Wayang Kulit terhadap Pendidikan Islam kepada Masyarakat. SAP (Susunan Artikel Pendidikan), 6(2), 263–269.
  28. Scherbaum, N., Seiffert, F., Schifano, F., Specka, M., Bonnet, U., & Bender, S. (2021). High lifetime, but low current, prevalence of new psychotropic substances (NPS) use in German drug detoxification treatment young inpatients. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 111, 110144.
  29. Sepúlveda, J. G. M., Billeke, C. A. H., Burgos, K. R. V., & Nogales-Bocio, A. I. (2020). The phenomenology of edmund husserl as an epistemological basis of qualitative methods. Revista Notas Historicas y Geograficas, 25.
  30. Setiyono, J. (2020). Integrated Policy Management of Narcotics Trafficking as Transnational Organized Crime in Indonesia. Diponegoro Law Review, 5(2), 260–276.
  31. Shumba, A., & Makura, A. H. (2014). Drug abuse by learners in South Africa: a replication and extension study. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 24(2), 197–199.
  32. Weinandy, J. T. G., & Grubbs, J. B. (2021). Religious and spiritual beliefs and attitudes towards addiction and addiction treatment: A scoping review. Addictive Behaviors Reports, 14, 100393.
  33. Yuliani, W. (2018). Metode Penelitian Deskriptif Kualitatif dalam Perspektif Bimbingan dan Konseling. QUANTA, 2(2), 83–91.