Main Article Content


Indonesia has a national interest in carrying out the constitutional mandate in terms of maintaining active involvement to affirm that independence is the right of all nations and colonialism is contrary to the arguments of humanity and justice. Therefore, through United Nations Security Council, Indonesia rejects all forms of colonialism, including issues between Israel and Palestine. This research focuses on Indonesia's foreign policy and its capacity as a Non-Permanent Member of the UN Security Council. The method used is a qualitative method with a literature study that is validated through an explicit confirmation process at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, while the analytical framework used is a comparative foreign policy perspective to map the factors that influence the process of making Indonesian foreign policy in different terms of office, that is president Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono 2007-2008 and Joko Widodo 2019-2020. The findings of this study indicate that consideration of enacting Indonesia's foreign policy on Palestine is a sustainable policy with the roots of the constitutional mandate and Indonesia's commitments in the past, that’s why almost no major changes can be found even though they have gone through the presidential transition process. Palestine also can be has a vital position for Indonesia considering that Palestine is the only conflicting country that has always existed in a formal discussion of Indonesian state documents. The difference can be found in how each reign reacts to external factors such as the invasion or blockade that Israel has done.


Comparative Policy International Conflict Israel National Interes Palestina

Article Details

How to Cite
Lukman, M. Z. (2023). Indonesia’s Foreign Policy Post-Reform in the United Nations Security Council. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 4(2), 143-156.


  1. Alvian, R. A., Putri, G. C., & Ardhani, I. (2018). Haluan Baru Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia: Perbandingan Diplomasi ‘Middle Power’ Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono dan Joko Widodo. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 6(2).
  3. Blavoukos, S., & Bourantonis, D. (2014). Identifying parameters of foreign policy change: An eclectic approach. 49(4), 483–500.
  4. Cantir, C., & Kaarbo, J. (2016). Domestic Role Contestation, Foreign Policy, and International Relations (1st Edition). Routledge.
  5. Cervi, L., & Marín-Lladó, C. (2022). Freepalestine on TikTok: from performative activism to (meaningful) playful activism. Journal of International and Intercultural Communication, 15(4), 414–434.
  6. Clark, M. (2011). Indonesia’s Postcolonial Regional Imaginary: From a ‘Neutralist’ to an ‘All-Directions’ Foreign Policy. Japanese Journal of Political Science, 12(2), 287–304.
  7. Connelly, A. L. (2014). Indonesian foreign policy under President Jokowi. Lowy Institute for International Policy.
  8. Gravelle, T. B., Reifler, J., & Scotto, T. J. (2017). The structure of foreign policy attitudes in transatlantic perspective: Comparing the United States, United Kingdom, France and Germany. European Journal of Political Research, 56(4), 757–776.
  9. Haryono, E. (2019). Economic Diplomacy as Indonesian Foreign Policy Orientation in 2015-2018: Challenges and Opportunities. Global Strategis, 13(2), 46–61.
  10. Hermann, M. G. (1980). Explaining Foreign Policy Behavior Using the Personal Characteristics of Political Leaders. International Studies Quarterly, 24(1), 7.
  11. Hermawan, Y. P., & Habir, A. D. (2015). Indonesia and International Institutions: Treading New Territory. Indonesia’s Ascent, 177–194.
  12. Heywood, Andrew. (2013). Politics. Palgrave Macmillan.
  13. Imseis, A. (2020). Negotiating the Illegal: On the United Nations and the Illegal Occupation of Palestine, 1967–2020. European Journal of International Law, 31(3), 1055–1085.
  14. Indraswari, R. (2022). ASEAN Centrality: Comparative Case Study of Indonesia Leadership. JAS (Journal of ASEAN Studies), 10(1), 1–19.
  15. Isu Palestina, | Portal Kementerian Luar Negeri Republik Indonesia. (n.d.). Retrieved July 15, 2022, from,
  16. Jubaidi, K., & Budiman, M. R. (2021). Indonesia’s role as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council in Assisting the Resolution of Conflict in Afghanistan for the 2019-2020 Period. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 2(1), 29–40.
  17. Kaarbo, J., Lantis, J. S., Beasley, R. K., White, B., Zhu, Z., & Davies, G. (2012). The Analysis of Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective. Foreign Policy in Comparative Perspective: Domestic and International Influences on State Behavior, 1–26.
  18. Kattan, V. (2018). Why U.S. Recognition of Jerusalem Could Be Contrary to International Law. Journal of Palestine Studies, 47(3), 72–92.
  19. Kertzer, J. D. (2013). Making Sense of Isolationism: Foreign Policy Mood as a Multilevel Phenomenon. Undefined, 75(1), 225–240.
  20. Khalidi, R. I. (2020). And Now What? The Trump Administration and the Question of Jerusalem. 47(3), 93–102.
  21. Mantik, J., & Budiana, M. (2022). Analysis of Indonesia’s Foreign Policy during President Jokowi. Jurnal Mantik, 6(3), 3564–3570.
  22. Mustika Zed. (2008). Metode Penelitian Kepustakaan. Yayasan Obor Indonesia.
  23. Muttaqien, M. (2013). Domestic Politics and Indonesia’s Foreign Policy on the Arab-Israeli Conflict.
  24. Naser-Najjab, N. (2014). Between Myth and Reality: The Palestinian Political Elite and the Two-State Solution. 13(2), 139–158.
  25. Nye, J. S. (2021). Soft power: the evolution of a concept. 14(1), 196–208.
  26. Pusat P2K Multilateral, & PACIS. (2017). Peran Indonesia Sebagai Anggota Tidak Tetap Dewan Keamanan PBB 2019-2020.
  27. Rosyidin, M. (2014). Kembali ke Masa Depan? Membaca Arah Politik Luar Negeri Jokowi dan Prospek Indonesia Menjadi Pemain Global.
  28. RPJMN 2004-2009. (n.d.).
  29. Ruggie, J. G. (1992). Multilateralism: the anatomy of an institution. International Organization, 46(3), 561–598.
  31. Sudira, I. N., Situmorang, M., Triwibowo, A., Martha, J., Syawfi, I., & Maria, F. (2019). Karakter kebijakan luar negeri Indonesia era pemerintahan Joko Widodo : perubahan atau keberlanjutan?
  32. Sukma, R. (2011). Soft Power and Public Diplomacy: The Case of Indonesia. Public Diplomacy and Soft Power in East Asia, 91–115.
  33. The United Nations in Indonesia | United Nations in Indonesia. (n.d.). Retrieved March 24, 2023, from
  34. Toomey, M., & Singleton, B. E. (2014). The Post-9/11 “Terrorism” Discourse and Its Impact on Nonstate Actors: A Comparative Study of the LTTE and Hamas. Asian Politics & Policy, 6(2), 183–198.
  35. Ubaedillah, A., Ali, M., & Arfino, B. (2023). Articulation of Islam: President Joko Widodo’s Foreign Policy 2014-2019. Jurnal Hubungan Internasional, 11(2), 1–12.
  36. Ukk, I. T. I., Anh, D., Bui, L., Ukk, I. T. I., & Bui, D. A. L. (2019). How Indonesian’s Online News Papers Report the Conflict between Palestine and Israel—A Case of and Open Journal of Social Sciences, 7(5), 290–331.
  37. Widhiyoga, G., & Harini, S. (2019). Identitas Politik Luar Negeri Indonesia di Masa Reformasi (1999-2014). RESEARCH FAIR UNISRI, 3(1).